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Substance Abuse Epidemiology Profile for Mental Health - Youth Attempted Suicide

Problem Statement

In NM in 2015, suicide was the leading cause of death, tied with unintentional injuries, for youth between the ages of 15 and 19. In the U.S. in 2015, according to the CDC, suicide was the second leading cause of death for this same age group. While girls are more likely than boys to attempt suicide, boys are more likely to die of suicide. A previous suicide attempt is among the strongest risk factors for completed suicide.
In 2017, the prevalence of past year suicide attempt was significantly higher in New Mexico (9.9%) compared to the U.S. (7.4%). The prevalence of past year suicide attempts among NM high school students decreased significantly in 2007 from 14.3% and has remained relatively stable since then. The US prevalence has remained relatively stable since 2009.


Chart 1. Youth Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2001-2017

Youth Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2001-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), which is coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Table 1. Youth Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by Grade, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2015

Percentage Attempted Suicide
Sex and Race/Ethnicity9th10th11th12thAll Grades
Male, American Indian9.14.912.68.78.8
Male, Asian/Pacific Islander********9
Male, Black********10.5
Male, Hispanic7.14.98.17.76.9
Male, White4.23.94.744.2
Male, All Races6.64.686.56.4
Female, American Indian21.525.918.210.219
Female, Asian/Pacific Islander********14.1
Female, Black********9
Female, Hispanic15.410.611.66.511.4
Female, White16.911.36.21412.3
Female, All Races16.312.510.88.812.4
Both Sexes, American Indian1515.915.49.514.1
Both Sexes, Asian/Pacific Islander********11.7
Both Sexes, Black10.5******9.9
Both Sexes, Hispanic11.17.9107.19.2
Both Sexes, White10.37.35.48.98.1
Both Sexes, All Races11.38.69.57.89.4


Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), which is coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers. (#) Values are unstable.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Problem Statement

The prevalence of having made at least one suicide attempt over the past year was more than double for American Indian girls in the 10th grade (25.5%) compared to that of Hispanic girls in the 10th grade (9.8%).
In 2017, the counties with the highest prevalence of suicide attempts were McKinley (18.3%), Rio Arriba (17.9%) and Cibola (16.5%). The counties with the lowest prevalence of suicide attempts were Catron (0.0%) and Curry (2.6%).

Table 2. Youth Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

Percentage Attempted Suicide
County
Bernalillo9.6
Catron0
Chaves10.2
Cibola16.5
Colfax6.8
Curry2.6
De Baca**
Dona Ana9
Eddy13.5
Grant11.2
Guadalupe7.5
Harding**
Hidalgo9.1
Lea12.3
Lincoln11.7
Los Alamos7.6
Luna11.4
McKinley18.3
Mora8
Otero10.2
Quay9
Rio Arriba17.9
Roosevelt10
Sandoval9.4
San Juan10.1
San Miguel11.4
Santa Fe8.8
Sierra15.1
Socorro10.5
Taos9.9
Torrance10.5
Union7.2
Valencia10
New Mexico9.9


Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), which is coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers. (#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Chart 2. Youth Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017



Youth Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), which is coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.   (**) Data suppressed due to small numbers. (#) Values are unstable. (##) Values are very unstable.

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Chart 3. Youth Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

Youth Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

supplemental image

Data Notes

The NM Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS) is administered in odd years and is part of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), which is coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Each state, territorial, tribal, and large urban school district participating in YRBS employs a two-stage, cluster sample design to produce a representative sample of students in grades 9-12 in its jurisdiction. In the first sampling stage, in all except a few sites, schools are selected with probability proportional to school enrollment size. In the second sampling stage, intact classes of a required subject or intact classes during a required period (e.g., second period) are selected randomly. All students in sampled classes are eligible to participate. A weight is applied to each student record to adjust for student nonresponse and the distribution of students by grade, sex, and race/ethnicity in each jurisdiction.
Page Content Updated On 12/27/2018, Published on 02/13/2019
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 03 June 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 13 Feb 2019 12:29:11 MST