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Substance Abuse Epidemiology Profile for Tobacco Use - Youth Frequent Smoking

Problem Statement

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Cigarette smoking increases risk of several cancers and other chronic conditions. Smoking is initiated and established primarily during adolescence, with more than 80% of adult smokers first smoking before age 18.
The prevalence of frequent cigarette smoking among New Mexico high school students has decreased from 8.5% in 2003 to 3.6% in 2013. This coincides with a decrease in the US rate of frequent smoking over the past several years. In 2013, the New Mexico prevalence of frequent smoking was not statistically different from the US rate (3.6% vs. 5.6%, respectively).


Chart 1. Youth Frequent Cigarette Smoking, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

Youth Frequent Cigarette Smoking, Grades 9-12 by Year, New Mexico and U.S., 2003-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

YRRS tobacco questions do not distinguish between ceremonial/traditional and commercial tobacco use.   The prevalence of frequent cigarette smoking among New Mexico high school students has decreased from 8.5% in 2003 to 5.8% in 2009. This coincides with a decrease in the US rate of frequent smoking over the past several years. In 2011, the New Mexico prevalence of frequent smoking was not statistically different from the US rate (5.8% vs. 6.4%).

Data Sources

  • New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data

Table 1. Youth Frequent Cigarette Smoking, Grades 9-12 by Grade, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2015

Percentage Frequent Smokers
Sex and Race/Ethnicity9th10th11th12thAll Grades
Male, American Indian14.52.51.42.3
Male, Asian/Pacific Islander********5.7
Male, Black********5.5
Male, Hispanic2.42.24.13.63
Male, White1.94.54.274.5
Male, All Races2.13.23.853.4
Female, American Indian11.81.801.2
Female, Asian/Pacific Islander********1.8
Female, Black********0
Female, Hispanic1.60.81.42.51.6
Female, White1.61.75.26.13.6
Female, All Races1.51.12.33.12
Both Sexes, American Indian13.12.10.71.7
Both Sexes, Asian/Pacific Islander********3.9
Both Sexes, Black0******3.3
Both Sexes, Hispanic21.52.732.3
Both Sexes, White1.83.34.76.64
Both Sexes, All Races1.82.2342.7


Data Notes

YRRS tobacco questions do not distinguish between ceremonial/traditional and commercial tobacco use.   **Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Problem Statement

Boys (3.4%) were more likely to be frequent smokers than girls (2.0%). White (4.0%), Asian or Pacific Islander (5.1%) and Black (7.9%) students had a higher prevalence of frequent smoking than Hispanic (2.3%) or American Indian students (1.7%) students, but these differences were also not statistically significant. The prevalence of frequent smoking increased with grade level (9th=1.8%; 10th=2.2%; 11th=3.0%; 12th=4.0%), but these rates were also not statistically different.
In 2015, the highest rates for frequent cigarette smoking were in Socorro (9.0%), Torrance (7.7%), and De Baca (7.4%) counties. The lowest rates were in McKinley (1.0%), Bernalillo (1.6%), Chaves (1.7%), and Santa Fe (1.7%) counties.

Table 2. Youth Frequent Cigarette Smoking, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

Percentage Frequent Smokers
County
Bernalillo1.7
Catron0
Chaves3.1
Cibola2
Colfax3.4
Curry1
De Baca**
Dona Ana2.5
Eddy3
Grant4.1
Guadalupe3.2
Harding**
Hidalgo0.7
Lea3.1
Lincoln2
Los Alamos2
Luna6.2
McKinley0.1
Mora2.6
Otero5.1
Quay1.4
Rio Arriba3.3
Roosevelt5
Sandoval2.5
San Juan1.9
San Miguel3.7
Santa Fe2.2
Sierra4.8
Socorro4.3
Taos3.1
Torrance2.2
Union4
Valencia4.5
New Mexico2.4
U.S.**


Data Notes

YRRS tobacco questions do not distinguish between ceremonial/traditional and commercial tobacco use.   **Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Chart 2. Youth Frequent Cigarette Smoking, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017



Youth Frequent Cigarette Smoking, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Data Notes

YRRS tobacco questions do not distinguish between ceremonial/traditional and commercial tobacco use.   **Data suppressed due to small numbers

Data Source

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey, New Mexico Department of Health and Public Education Department.

Chart 3. Youth Frequent Cigarette Smoking, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

Youth Frequent Cigarette Smoking, Grades 9-12 by County, New Mexico, 2015

supplemental image

Data Notes

YRRS tobacco questions do not distinguish between ceremonial/traditional and commercial tobacco use.
Page Content Updated On 11/30/2018, Published on 12/19/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 03 June 2020 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 19 Dec 2018 08:41:39 MST