Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Health Indicator Report of Infant Mortality

The infant mortality rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health and is a commonly-used measure of public health for countries around the world. While the infant mortality rate has been declining in the U.S., in New Mexico the trend has remained fairly level.

Infant Mortality - Average Annual Infant (Less Than 1 Year of Age) Deaths per 1,000 Live Births by County, New Mexico 2012-2016


Data Sources

  • New Mexico Death Data: Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC WONDER Online Database (http://wonder.cdc.gov).

Data Interpretation Issues

The Infant Mortality Rate is most often calculated as infant deaths in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year (death period method). The rate may also be calculated as death of infants born in a given year per 1,000 infants born in that year (birth cohort method).

Definition

Infant mortality rates are calculated as the number of resident infant deaths occurring in a given infant age group in a given year per 1,000 resident live births in the same year.

Numerator

For infant mortality: number of deaths of resident infant younger than 1 year of age in a given year. For neonatal mortality: number of deaths of resident infant younger than 28 days of age in a given year. For perinatal mortality: number fetal deaths of at least 28 weeks gestation, plus the number of infant deaths less than 7 days old in a given year. For post-neonatal mortality: number of deaths of resident infants from 28 days of age to less than 1 year in a given year.

Denominator

Total number of resident live births in the same year. For perinatal mortality, the denominator is the total number of resident live births plus fetal deaths of at least 28 weeks gestation.
Page Content Updated On 02/12/2018, Published on 02/12/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 23 July 2021 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Mon, 12 Feb 2018 13:01:49 MST