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Health Indicator Report of Diabetes (Diagnosed) Prevalence

Diabetes and prediabetes are conditions on a continuum marked by blood glucose (blood sugar) levels that are higher than normal due to defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Insulin is a hormone needed to absorb and use glucose as fuel for the body's cells. Diabetes can lower life expectancy and increase the risk of heart disease. It is the leading cause of kidney failure, lower limb amputation, and adult-onset blindness. People with prediabetes have blood glucose levels higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. They're more likely to develop diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Diabetes and its complications can often be prevented or delayed. People who are diagnosed with diabetes or prediabetes need to learn about their condition and build the skills and confidence necessary to successfully take care of themselves, with the help of their health care team and community resources. About one-quarter of people with diabetes don't know they have it, and most people with prediabetes don't know they have it. Unfortunately, people who are undiagnosed can't take steps to manage their condition. Data in this Profile are only about diagnosed diabetes prevalence.
In recent years, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes has been about twice the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes twenty years ago. This is true in NM and US. In 1995, the US age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among adults was 4.6% and that of NM was 5.8%; by 2017, the age-adjusted prevalence estimates were 10.0% (2017 CDC BRFSS National Data Set) and 9.8%, respectively. Since 2011, the NM age-adjusted prevalence of diagnosed diabetes has remained relatively stable between 9.6% and 10.7%, with no statistically significant differences across the years 2011 through 2017.

Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population (except for rates by age group). The estimates are adjusted by several weighting factors which adjust for probability of selection of the given survey respondent and for demographic differences between the sample and the adult population of New Mexico.   Diabetes prevalence for New Mexico and the U.S. is a weighted percent, age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Census population. Estimates for 2011 and forward should not be compared to earlier years (please refer to Data Interpretation Issues, below). The break shown between 2010 and 2011 denotes that the data before 2011 and the data from 2011 onward are not directly comparable. Starting in 2011, CDC BRFSS included cell phones and used a different weighting method than in previous years; data from 2011 and years forward will be comparable. Nationally, nearly one-quarter of people with diabetes are unaware of the condition (National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017), never having been diagnosed. The rates shown here are under-estimates of diabetes prevalence because these include only those who have been diagnosed with diabetes.

Data Sources

  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Data, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, together with New Mexico Department of Health, Injury and Behavioral Epidemiology Bureau.
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Chronic Disease Indicators BRFSS Data, [https://www.cdc.gov/cdi/].

Data Interpretation Issues

Data for this indicator report are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an ongoing survey of adults regarding their health-related behaviors, health conditions, and preventive services. Data are collected in all 50 states, D.C., and U.S. territories. Responses have been weighted to reflect the New Mexico adult population by age, sex, ethnicity, geographic region, marital status, education level, home ownership and type of phone ownership. The survey is conducted using scientific telephone survey methods for landline and cellular phones (with cellular since 2011). The landline phone portion of the survey excludes adults living in group quarters such as college dormitories, nursing homes, military barracks, and prisons. The cellular phone portion of the survey includes adults, in general, as well as adult students living in college dormitories but excludes other group quarters. Beginning with 2011, the BRFSS updated its surveillance methods by adding calls to cell phones and changing its weighting methods. These changes improved the BRFSS' ability to take into account the increasing proportion of U.S. adults using only cellular telephones as well as to adjust survey data to improve the representativeness of the estimates generated from the survey. Results have been adjusted for the probability of selection of the respondent, and have been weighted to the adult population by age, gender, phone type, detailed race/ethnicity, renter/owner, education, marital status, and geographic area. Lastly and importantly, these changes mean that the data from years prior to 2011 are not directly comparable to data from 2011 and beyond. Please see the [https://ibis.health.state.nm.us/view/docs/Query/BRFSS/BRFSS_fact_sheet_Aug2012.pdf BRFSS Method Change Factsheet]. The "missing" and "don't know" responses were removed before calculating a percentage.

Definition

Diabetes prevalence is the estimated percentage of adult New Mexicans 18 years and older with diagnosed diabetes.

Numerator

Number of adult (18 and older) New Mexico respondents who responded, "yes" (within the survey year) to the BRFSS question: "Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional ever told you that you have diabetes?".

Denominator

Number of adult (18 and older) New Mexico respondents who responded to the BRFSS within the survey year.
Page Content Updated On 12/14/2018, Published on 12/19/2018
The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 05 August 2021 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Wed, 19 Dec 2018 14:44:55 MST