Other Clinical Preventive Services
Other types of clinical preventive services include other preventive care and disease management. Examples include prenatal care, management of chronic conditions such as diabetes, asthma and arthritis, neonatal hearing testing and blood screening, screening for glaucoma, alcohol abuse screening and counseling by physicians, screening for sexually-trensmitted infections, and screening for and treatment of depression in children and adults. The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services includes U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening, counseling, and preventive medication topics and includes clinical recommendations for each topic.
Preventive services are key to reducing death and disability and improving the Nation's health. These services both prevent and detect illnesses and diseases-from flu to cancer-in their earlier, more treatable stages, significantly reducing the risk of illness, disability, early death, and medical care costs. Yet, despite the fact that these services are covered by Medicare, Medicaid, and many private insurance plans under the Affordable Care Act, millions of children, adolescents, and adults go without clinical preventive services that could protect them from developing a number of serious diseases or help them treat certain health conditions before they worsen. Increasing the number of people who take advantage of and have access to clinical preventive services continues to be a major public health challenge.