Social and Community Context
Social and community context includes the social settings in which people live and act. It includes social relationships and the social, religious, cultural, and occupational institutions with which they interact. An important aspect of an individual's social context is the sense of cohesion and interpersonal trust among community members and an individual's sense that they belong and are supported in their community. Social cohesion is strongly influenced by racial discrimination and inequality. Aspects of the social and community context include:
- Social Cohesion
- Civic Participation
Social context and social capital in the living environment, both on the individual and neighbourhood level, is positively associated with self-rated health.
One's "social captial," including social support networks, civic participation and voting, and working to improve conditions in the community, is sometimes used to measure an individual's positive social context. An optional questionnaire module on the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey has been developed to measure social captial.