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Injury Prevention

Injury is a serious public health problem in New Mexico claiming 1,835 lives in 2013. Unintentional injuries, which include transportation injuries, unintentional poisoning, falls, were the leading cause of death among children and adults age 1 through 44. Transportation deaths were the primary cause of mortality among ages 1 through 24.
  • Mortality statistics alone are only a tip of the iceberg. In 2013, New Mexico hospitals reported 6,463 injury-related hospital admissions.
  • Injuries impact heavily on the use of health services in the state and contribute to major funding pressures.
  • Although injury affects all groups of people, certain behavioral risk factors are closely linked to injury morbidity and mortality. For example, the lack of seatbelt use and alcohol use has been closely linked to transportation injuries.
Data from the New Mexico's Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (NMBVRHS) showed that in 2013:
  • Unintentional injuries accounted for 87.6 deaths per 100,000 in New Mexico.
  • 295 (19.2 per 100,000) New Mexican's died from motor vehicle traffic injuries.

Data from the New Mexico's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2013:
  • 10.4% of New Mexicans ages 18 and over did not always wear a seatbelt.

According to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) in 2011:
  • 8% of high school students had never or rarely wore a seat belt when riding in a car driven by someone else. Male students (9.7%) were more likely than female students (6.1%) to say that never or rarely wore seatbelts. Black students (13.6%) were also least likely to wear seatbelts than other race/ethnic groups.
  • Approximately 9.3% of high school students (grade 9-12) stated that they had driven a car or other vehicle when they had been drinking alcohol one of more times during the past 30 days.
  • 25.8% of high school students had ridden in a car or other vehicle driven by someone who had been drinking alcohol one or more times during the past 30 days.
Although injuries affect all groups, greater risks for certain types of injuries are associated with age group, gender, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography.
Structural changes, such as improved roads and better lighting in the medians and improved safety in automobiles have successfully contributed to reducing motor vehicle rates. Research has also behavioral risk reduction, including the enforcement of seatbelts use and blood alcohol limits have had a tremendous impact on reducing transportation related injuries.
The New Mexico Department of Health tracks national and state numbers of behavioral injuries through:
  • The New Mexico's Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics.
  • The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic Safety Facts: Occupant Protection. 2008 Data. Pub. No. DOT HS 811 160. Available from: http://www- d.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811892.pdf

The information provided above is from the New Mexico Department of Health's NM-IBIS web site (http://ibis.health.state.nm.us). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 23 November 2017 from New Mexico Department of Health, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.nm.us".

Content updated: Thu, 7 Sep 2017 15:35:20 MDT